2 SAMUEL:  DIVISION II

THE STORY OF DAVID'S REIGN AS KING OVER ALL ISRAEL: HIS FAITHFUL SERVICE TO GOD AND HIS PEOPLE, 5:1–10:19

(5:1–10:19) DIVISION OVERVIEW: After seven and one half years, David was finally able to unify the nation of Israel under his rule. At long last—almost twenty years after being secretly anointed as a child to be the future king—David was crowned to rule over all Israel, over all twelve tribes (see note, pt.7— 1 Samuel 17:40-58 for more discussion). Under his rule, the nation was to reach its summit of military power and territorial control.

Keep in mind that David was a man of war. He had been a soldier from his earliest youth, since the day he had demonstrated strong faith in God and unusual courage in facing the defiant Goliath, the Philistine giant from whom the Israelite army had cowered and fled. In battle after battle, David had stood face-to-face in hand-to-hand combat with enemy after enemy, stood with blood splattered all over him from soldiers being wounded and killed. Witnessing the horror and gore of military conflict was the constant experience of David throughout most of his life as a soldier. Whatever battle fatigue, pressure, and stress a soldier suffers from being in constant conflict, David suffered. For he spent much of his life in combat, fighting the enemies of Israel. By divine appointment, he was the man chosen by God to complete the conquest begun by Joshua. He was to subdue the enemies of Israel in order to bring peace and security to the promised land.

Once crowned king over all Israel, David conquered Jerusalem and made the city the capital of Israel, the land that has played such a large part in God's plan for human history (2 Samuel 5). After establishing Jerusalem to be the capital...

•  David brought the Ark of God to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6).

•  David was given the great promise of God (the Davidic Covenant) that his dynasty or kingdom would last forever, a promise that pointed to the coming Son of David, the Savior and Messiah of the world, the Lord Jesus Christ Himself (2 Samuel 7).

•  David conquered all the enemies who threatened Israel and established a strong administrative organization to govern the nation (2 Samuel 8, 10).

•  David fulfilled his promise to his dear friend Jonathan that he would take care of any survivors of Jonathan's family (2 Samuel 9).

 

THE STORY OF DAVID'S REIGN AS KING OVER ALL ISRAEL: HIS FAITHFUL SERVICE TO GOD AND HIS PEOPLE, 5:1–10:19

A.  The Crowning of David As King over All Israel, His Conquest of Jerusalem, and His Defeat of the Philistines: The Lord Provides a Shepherd, a Leader, 5:1-25

B.  The Ark of God Brought to Jerusalem: A Lesson on Seeking the Lord's Presence, 6:1-23

C.  The Great Promises of God Given to David (The Davidic Covenant): God's Great Promise of Hope, the Coming Son of David, Christ Himself, 7:1-17

D.  The Prayer and Thanksgiving of David: A Dynamic Example of Prayer and Praise, 7:18-29

E.  The Military Victories and Administration of David: A Picture of Victory in the Lord and of a Just and Righteous Government, 8:1-18

F.  The Fulfillment of David's Promise to Jonathan: A Picture of Kindness and of Service to Others, 9:1-13

G.  The Defeat of an Ammonite and Syrian Coalition by David: A Type of Christ Defending and Showing Concern for His Persecuted Servants, 10:1-19