Nahum chapter 1

1. Following chapter

Chapter 2: Nineveh’s destruction described

2. Analysis of chapter

The justice and power of the Lord. (vv. 1-8)

The overthrow of the Assyrians. (vv. 9-15)

3. Key verse

Verse 2: “God is jealous, and the Lord revengeth; the Lord revengeth, and is furious; the Lord will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies.”

4. Key word / key phrase

Verse 2, “The Lord is jealous.”

5. Key event / key person / key theme

A portrait of God

6. Key thought

If we did not sin we would not have to be confronted with God’s righteous reaction to it.

7. Key thing to look out for

Verse 7 deserves to be meditated upon.

8. Key Bible cross-reference

Verse 15. See Isaiah 52:7.

9. Key “by way of explanation”

Verse 13, “I will break their yoke.” Judah was ruled by Assyria. But this is a promise that in the future the Assyrian yoke around Judah’s neck will be broken and Judah will be free. Nineveh fell to Babylon in 612 bc. Thebes, described as already conquered (3:10) was taken in 663. Therefore, it is probable that Nahum gave his prophecy between these two dates.

10. Key “Quotable Quote”

“It is only the doctrine of the wrath of God, of his irreconcilable hostility to all evil, which makes human life tolerable in such a world as ours.”

Stephen Neill

Nahum chapter 2

1. Before and after

Previous chapter: Chapter 1: A portrait of God

Following chapter: Chapter 3: Nineveh’s destruction is deserved

2. Analysis of chapter

Nineveh’s destruction foretold. (vv. 1-10)

The real reason, their sinning against God, and his appearing against them. (vv. 11-13)

3. Key verse

Verse 6: “The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.”

4. Key word / key phrase

Verse 1, “An attacker advances against you, Nineveh.”

5. Key event / key person / key theme

Nineveh’s destruction described

6. Key thought

God’s enemies are no match for God’s power.

7. Key thing to look out for

Spiritual renewal is a gift from God.

8. Key Bible cross-reference

Verse 1. See Jeremiah 51:20.

9. Key “by way of explanation”

Verse 13, “I will burn up.” The prophecy states that Nineveh’s fall will not simply be due to weapons of war but because the Lord God himself has stepped in.

10. Key “Quotable Quote”

“I believe, that, being fallen in Adam, my first father, I am by nature a child of wrath, under the condemnation of God and corrupted in body and soul, prone to evil and liable to eternal death.”

Benjamin B. Warfield

Nahum chapter 3

1. Previous chapter

Chapter 2: Nineveh’s destruction described

2. Analysis of chapter

The sins and judgments of Nineveh. (vv. 1-7)

Its utter destruction. (vv. 8-19)

3. Key verse

Verse 1: “Woe to the bloody city! it is all full of lies and robbery; the prey departeth not.”

4. Key word / key phrase

Verse 5, “I am against you.”

5. Key event / key person / key theme

Nineveh’s destruction is deserved

6. Key thought

God makes no mistakes in his judgments.

7. Key thing to look out for

Evil will not win.

8. Key Bible cross-reference

Verse 1. See Ezekiel 22:2.

9. Key “by way of explanation”

Verse 19, “your injury is fatal.” Nineveh will be so overrun that she could not be rebuilt. A few centuries after this prophecy, all that was left of Nineveh was under wind-blown sand.

10. Key “Quotable Quote”

“No sin, but the sin of final impenitence, can prove a man reprobate.”

John Bunyan

—Key Word Commentary