Chapter 1.
In the Beginning

THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH WERE CREATED BY GOD—1:1

Some men believe the world just evolved on its own. The Bible, however, is very clear where this world came from, who put it here, and how it was done. The Trinity was involved in the creation of the world. The word for "God" in this first verse is the Hebrew word Elohim and refers to God's power and might. Elohim is in a plural grammatical form but it is followed by a singular verb, showing the concept of three persons, yet one Godhead. This doctrine appears again in verse 26 when God says, "Let us make man in our own image.

God created the heavens and the earth. This word for "created" is not the Hebrew word asah which is making something from already created material. The word that is used is bara, which carries the idea of instantaneous, miraculous creation out of NOTHING. This act is only attributed to God Almighty. This first chapter of the Bible displays God's glory and power in a mighty way. God is mentioned thirty-two times in thirty-one verses.

THE HOLY SPIRIT ENERGIZED THE CREATION OF GOD—1:2

When the earth was first created, it was without form and void. The word for "without form" is tohu, which meant without inhabitants. The earth was without any inhabitants until the fifth day of creation. On the second day God began to form the earth by making a firmament and dividing the waters. When the earth was without form and uninhabited, the Holy Spirit moved across the face of the waters. What does this mean? The word "moved" means to vibrate in a rapid back and forth motion or to flutter. This movement energized the earth, setting into motion the earth's rotation on its axis and the nuclear, gravitational, and electromagnetic forces.

What You Do With the Bible Will Determine What God Does With You

As the Holy Spirit energized the universe, He also energizes the Christian to be more like Jesus Christ. Paul stated in Philippians 2:13 that it is God that worketh in you. This word "worketh" that Paul used means strong, effective, powerful action which achieves its desired result The Greeks used this word to describe effective medical drugs or siege engines which could breach the wall of a city that was being attacked. May we each day yield our life to the Holy Spirit's control and let Him accomplish His will in our hearts. Let's spend more time in prayer, in studying God's Word, and telling others about Jesus Christ.

The Trinity in Genesis
Genesis 1:1The word for God is Elohim It is in a plural form (referring to the Trinity), yet followed by a singular verb, showing the oneness of the Godhead.
Genesis 1:26Let Us make man in Our own image. The plural pronouns us and our are in reference to the Trinity.
Genesis 2:24 & Deuteronomy 6:4 The husband and wife shall be one flesh. Echad is the Hebrew word for one. This same word is used in Deut. 6:4, which says the Lord our God is one Lord. Echad shows unity rather than singularity in the Godhead. God is one as a husband and wife are one.
Genesis 3:22Man is become as one of us... Again the plural pronoun is used for God.
Genesis 11:7At Babel, God said, "Let us go down and confound their language. The plural pronoun "us" is again used in reference to God.
The Trinity Working in Unity
The ProcessGod the FatherGod the SonGod the Spirit
CREATIONHe spoke. Genesis 1:3He was the Word spoken John 1:1He moved upon the face of the waters. Genesis 1
THE BIRTH OF JESUSHe gave His Son. John 3:16Jesus was born into this world. Luke 2:11The Spirit of God came upon Mary to cause her to conceive. Luke 1:35
REDEMPTIONHe accepted the sacrifice of the cross. Hebrews 9:14Jesus offered Himself as our substitute Hebrews 9:14Jesus offered Himself through the eternal Spirit Hebrews 9:14
SALVATIONThe Father forgives the sinner. Luke 15:22He is the Shepherd that seeks the lost sheep. Luke 15:4The Spirit seals the new convert. Ephesians 1:3
PRAYERThe Father receives the request. John 16:23The Son is the One whose name we pray. John 16:23The Spirit directs us in our requests. Romans 8:26

The Six Days of Creation

Day 1

God created everything in six days. The heavens, the earth, and light were initially made by the Lord. The Spirit of God moved or energized His creation. The earth began rotating on its axis and the three fields of natural force went into effect. They are the nuclear forces, the forces between protons and neutrons; gravitational forces, the forces between two objects; and electromagnetic forces, the force between electrons and the nucleus of the atom.

The light mentioned is not the sun. It was made on the fourth day. This light was another unknown source of light. It is possible that on this day the angels were created. This section closes with the words "the evening and the morning were the first day." The word for "day" is the Hebrew word yom which means a 24 hour day or part of the day. It NEVER means a long period of time or age. Moses believed these were 24 hour days (Exodus 20:11—For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth...) David believed this also (Psalm 33:6-9—... He spake and it was done...)

Day 2

The firmament was created and divided on the second day. A firmament is an open expanse of the heavens that is thin and stretched out. It refers to the atmospheric heavens immediately surrounding the earth. Evidently, a water vapor canopy encompassed the earth causing a greenhouse type of effect. This vapor canopy would:

  1. explain the great amounts of water in the atmosphere at the time of the Flood.
  2. act as a filter, screening the harmful rays of the sun. This greatly lengthened the life span of men and women in the Pre-Flood Era.
  3. create and maintain warm temperatures and moisture for lush vegetation and sustenance for life on the planet.

Day 3

The seas, land, and vegetation or plant life were created on this day. More than one thousand species of plants and five thousand forms of grass exist today. The three divisions of plant life are revealed in this section. They divisions are:

  1. Grasses—Vegetation covering the ground.
  2. Herbs—Includes shrubs and bushes.
  3. Fruit Tree—Large woody plants and trees that bear fruits.

The Bible states that life began on the ground. The evolutionist claim life began in the oceans.

Day 4

The sun, moon, and stars were made on the fourth day. The purpose was for signs, seasons, days, years, and to illuminate the earth. Moses refers to the sun as the greater light to rule the day and the moon, the lesser light. Moses knew the sun was larger than the moon contrary to the beliefs of those who worshiped the moon. He did not refer to it as the greatest light. He did not worship the sun.

Sun worship was prevalent in Moses' day but he stayed true to the Lord. The Phoenicians worshiped Baal, the Assyrians worshiped Shamash, and the Egyptians worshiped the sun god Ra or Re. Moses was especially familiar with Ra since he grew up in Egypt, yet he did not worship him. Ra had a different name for different times of the day. When the sun was at full strength, he was called Amon-Ra. The Egyptians believed he traveled the underworld in a boat to battle Apophis, a giant snake or crocodile. He had to fight darkness and night, but always won. When there was darkness in Egypt for three days during the plagues on Egypt recorded in the book of Exodus, the Egyptians thought Ra lost the battle and Apophis had won. These teachings of course are not true and unscriptural.

Abraham's former hometowns, the Ur of the Chaldees and Haran, were centers for moon worship. In Egypt, the people sacrificed a pig to the moon when the disk was full. The worship of the sun and moon were Satanic perversions of what God intended. The Lord is to be worshiped, loved, adored, and praised.

Notice the units of time mentioned are days and years. The first mention of a smaller unit of time occurs in the Bible during the time of King Ahaz. This unit was shown as a degree on a sundial (2 Kings 20:10). The Hebrew term shaa which means an hour, first occurs in Daniel 3:6.

Day 5

On day five, we find the creation of fish or sea life and fowl or birds. There are more than 30,000 kinds of fish today and more than 9000 kinds of birds. Both of these groups have common features. They both have streamlined forms to move rapidly. Their outer body is covered with shingle-like layers of scales or feather. The bones are light and hollow in each group. They both reproduce by laying eggs and have migratory instincts.

Great whales were also created. The Hebrew word for whales actually should be translated sea monsters. This same word is frequently translated dragons. The term includes all large sea-creatures, even those of the past that are now extinct.

Day 6

On the final day of creation, God made the land animals, insects, beasts of the earth, and man. These animals reproduced after his kind. For example, a man CANNOT change into a monkey or a monkey into a man. It is genetically and scripturally impossible. A donkey bred with a horse produces a sterile mule. A lion bred with a tiger produces a sterile liger. God has established genetic boundaries.

The cattle are the four footed domestic animals and creeping things are the creatures that move upon the ground. The beast would include all the wild animals of our planet. The earth has more than 800,000 kinds of insects, more than 6,000 kinds of reptiles, more than 3,000 kinds of amphibians, and more than 5,000 kinds of mammals. Man was created in the image of God. The word man comes from the Hebrew word adam. It comes from a root word which means to show blood (in the face) or be flush. The definition of Adam is ruddy or mankind. Man was told to rule and subdue the earth. When God allowed man to name the animals (Gen. 2:19, 20), it was a sign that He was putting them under man's power.


Ussher's Computations of the Age of the Earth

Based on Ussher's computations from Bible chronology, the creation of the earth took place around 4004 B.C. The actual records of history agree in substance with the Bible's short chronology. The first Dynasty of Egypt was around 3000 B.C. The earliest historical records fall around this time period.

Scientific scholars state the population of the world tends to agree with a young planet. Based on the rate of increase of the population from the Genesis Flood to today, the population is the result of about thirty doublings. At this computed rate, there would be no room at all on this planet for the people if man had been here in 1 million B.C.


Famous Scientist's Who Believed Genesis One

The secular world and evolutionist try to portray anyone who believes the Bible record of creation as a fool or an idiot. Yet, history reveals that great men of science believed Genesis one. The man who invented a vaccine for anthrax and rabies, Louis Pasteur, held to the truth of Genesis one. Have you ever used or seen a hydraulic jack? It was invented by Blaise Pascal who believed God created this world and us. The scientist who explained the tides and pulls of the moon and was author of the three Laws of Motion and the Law of Gravitation believed the Genesis record. His name was Isaac Newton. God is the creator was the belief of Samuel Morse, the inventor of the telegraph and Morse code. Leonardo da Vinci was the painter of The Last Supper. He was ahead of his time anticipating the invention of the airplane, tank, parachutes, cannons, and submarines. He believed the first chapter of Genesis also. The next time someone tries to intimidate you for believing the truth of the Bible concerning the creation of the world, share these historical facts with them.

The Genesis Record &Amp; Evolution Compared Side by Side
The Genesis RecordThe Theory of Evolution
In six days the world was created.The world evolved over the ages.
Creation was completed by God.Creative processes have not ceased.
Life began on dry land. 1:11Life began in the oceans.
Birds came before the insects.Insects came before the birds.
Birds came before reptiles. 1:20Reptiles came before birds.
Man existed before there was rain.2:5The rains were long before man.
On the fifth day, the birds and fish were created. 1:20, 21Hundreds of millions of years before the appearance of birds, fish evolved
Adam was created by God from the dust of the earth. 2:7Man evolved from monkeys.
Man came before woman and was made from the rib of Adam. 2:21, 22Woman was before man by genetics.
Man was created around 4004 B.C. (Ussher's computations from Bible chronology)Man was here around 3 million B.C.
The oceans came before land 1:2The oceans came after the land.
First life was land plants. 1:11Marine organisms evolved first.
On the fourth day, all stars were made.The stars evolved at various times.
Genesis one supports the First Law of Thermodynamics which states that energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cannot be created or destroyed. The universe could not create itself. Energy remains constant.The universe came into existence from a big bang. The first cause of life was by chance.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics is supported by the first chapter of Genesis. This law states that every system left to its own devices tends to move from order to disorder or decay. Energy is changing through decay. Things are running down, rusting, falling apart. This is the result of Adam's sin.Evolution believes that man and the world is getting better. It is going from simple to complex.

Unscriptural Theories Concerning Creation

Those who believe that the word day in chapter one refers to a long period of time or ages are called Day-Age theorist. Another false-theory is the Revelation Theory which states that the days are twenty-four hours, but are days in the life of Moses. God revealed to Moses the truths of creation in six days. One of the most popular and controversial of theories is the Gap Theory. It claims that there is a gap of years between verse one and two of Genesis chapter one. This gap contains the ages of geologists, ending with the glacial age in verse two. The theory states when Satan was cast out of heaven he destroyed God's original creation and what we find in the first chapter of the Bible is a reconstruction of God's original creation. Listed below is a more detailed comparison of this theory with the Bible.

The Gap Theory Debate
Arguments For the Gap TheoryArguments Against This Theory
The verb in Genesis 1:2 should be translated "became".The Hebrew word hayetha is almost always translated "was". It is translated "was" 258 out of 264 times in the Pentateuch.
The words "without form and void"always indicate judgment.These words can many times refer to lifelessness and empty space.
There is a difference between the word "created" (bara) and "made" (asah).These words are used interchangeably. For example: 1. Genesis 1:15—God made (asah) the beast of the earth. 2. Genesis 1:21—God created (bara) the great sea monsters. 3. Genesis 1:26—"Let us make (asah) man. 4. Genesis 1:27—God created (bara) man.
In Genesis 1:2, the word "darkness" carries the meaning of judgment.The word "darkness" means simply the absence of light and is at times spoken of as good. (Psalm 104:20)
Genesis 1:28—The word "replenish" shows re-creation of God's original creation. It indicates the world was once filled.The word "replenish" is the Hebrew word male which almost always means "to fill or be filled", with only a very few questionable exceptions. (Psalm 107:9)
Jeremiah 4:23—This verse is quoted in a context of divine judgment, and so it is said that Genesis 1:2 also reflects such a judgment.This verse has nothing to do with Genesis except the similar words. It is a prophecy of a coming judgment on the land of Israel, not a history of past judgment on the earth. This will be fulfilled in the Tribulation period.
Isaiah 24:1—Divine judgment created a cataclysmic changeThis is a prophecy of the coming judgment upon the land and people of Israel, not on a hypothetical race of people before Adam.

Jewish Priests and the Days of Creation

According to the Jewish Mishnayoth, the priest sang psalms daily in the Temple to memorialize the incidents of the days of creation. Here are the psalms they sang and the day they sang them.

Sunday: Psalm 24:1-10Wednesday: Psalm 94:1-23; 95:1
Monday: Psalm 48:1-14Thursday: Psalm 81:1-16
Tuesday: Psalm 82:1-8Friday: Psalm 93:1-5
Saturday: Psalm 92:1-15

THE WORD "GIVE" IS USED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN—1:15

Usually, the first time a word is used in Scripture, it carries similar meaning in the rest of the Bible. The word "give" is first used in reference to the sun, moon, and stars giving light. Here are some thoughts about the giving of the sun and how we can apply it to our lives.

Special Study on Light

God's first recorded words were "Let there be light." Here are some thoughts about light and how we can relate it to our own person life. Jesus did say that we are the light of the world (Matthew 5:16). What meaning can we get from this verse?

Light that goes in the same direction is a powerful force. This is known as a laser. When Christians are united, they become a powerful force too. Let us get rid of our anger and forgive those who offend us and go forward for Christ (Philippians 2:1, 2)

GOD'S FIRST RECORDED WORDS TO MAN—1:28

God's first recorded words to man were to be fruitful, multiply, replenish, and subdue the earth. Replenish means to fill, fulfill or be filled. In our society today children are looked upon by many as a burden. Millions of children are abandoned or aborted before birth each year. God says that children are a blessing, not a burden. Rearing children God's way can be very rewarding and fulfilling. God says, "Happy is the man that hath his quiver full." (Psalm 127:5)

MAN'S ORIGINAL FOOD WAS FRUIT AND HERBS—1:29, 30

God provided man with fruits and herbs for his source of food or meat. The word "meat" used here actually means protein. Meat was evidently not eaten or given till after the Flood (Genesis 9:2). The fruit and herbs provided not only high nutritional value, but medical value as well. For example, take a fruit like a banana which is high in magnesium and is useful in the treatment of diarrhea, colitis, ulcers, and muscle cramps.

People for centuries have used roots, bark, seeds, leaves, and oils of plants and nuts to treat or prevent medical problems. One remedy for headaches is treatment with powdered mustard or oil of rosemary while catnip tea is used for babies with colic or stomach aches. Watermelon seeds are a good kidney cleanser. Sesame seeds have a laxative effect and help prevent cholesterol congestion in blood vessels. The list of treatments with herbs, seeds, leaves, and bark is endless. God has provided for all of man's physical needs and ailments.

Outlines That Teach
Genesis Chapter 1

  1. The Condition of the Earth vs. 1, 2
  2. It was without form and void.
  3. A Catalogue of Creation vs. 3-28
    1. Division of Day vs. 3-5
    2. Division of Water vs. 6-8
    3. Dry Land Appears vs. 9-13
    4. Dividing the Darkness vs. 14-19
    5. Designing the Fish and Fowl vs. 20-23
    6. Dominion of Man vs. 24-28
  4. The Creation of Man vs. 27
    Man was made on the sixth day.
  5. The Command of God vs. 28
    Be fruitful, multiply, and replenish the earth.
  6. The Cuisine for Man's Appetite vs. 29, 30
    God provided herb bearing seed and fruit.
  7. The Cap on God's Creation vs. 31
    God said, "It was good!"

Index Topics for Further Research

Look at the back of this book in the index for the location of these other topics.

Forethought, Commands of God

Review
Chapter 1

  1. What three fields of forces went into motion on the first day of creation?
  2. What is the Hebrew word for "day" and its meaning?
  3. What does the phrase "after His kind" mean?
  4. What is the meaning of the word "Adam"?
  5. What were God's first recorded words to man?
  6. Name and describe several unscriptural theories of creation.
  7. How does "light" relate to the Christian life?
  8. Where can the doctrine of the Trinity be found in Genesis?
  9. Give seven examples of the difference between evolution and the Genesis account of creation.
  10. Explain why the Gap theory is unscriptural.
  11. List three scientist that believed in the Genesis account of creation and the contribution they made to science.