The Gospel of John was the last of the four Gospels written. The author, Apostle John wrote the last five books of the New Testament and some believe the Gospel of John was the last written of these five books. The Gospel of John is not a collection of the experiences of Christ but a careful selection of material to support the opening text of John regarding the identity of Christ. Graham Scroggie says of this Gospel, "There are few more perfect literary structures." The first chapter of John is introductory. It can be divided into three major parts as follows:
John 1:1-5, 9-18
The first chapter of the Gospel of John begins by introducing Jesus Christ. It is a masterful introduction. Whether or not you believe this introduction is a litmus test of your faith.
One of the greatest passages in the Bible is the first five verses of the Gospel of John. It shows Christ's relationship to God, the galaxies and the Gospel. You must get the subject of these five verses correct if your doctrine is to be correct. The time covered in these first five verses is from before time began (creation of the universe) all the way to the victory of Christ on the earth in the future.
• His relationship to God. This relationship is vital to Christ's identity. First, His designation. "The Word" (John 1:1). Words reveal thoughts. Christ is the great revealer of God's thoughts (Hebrews 1:1, 2; John 1:18). That is why He speaks of Himself as the "Alpha and Omega" (Revelation 1:11). Alpha and Omega are the first and last letter of the Greek alphabet. The expression "Alpha and Omega" takes in all the letters of the alphabet. Letters make words. Christ is all the words to reveal God. Second, His duration. "In the beginning was the Word" (John 1:1). The beginning refers to the creation. Christ was in existence before the creation. He did not come into being at Bethlehem. The word translated "was" in John 1:1, 2 is in the imperfect tense meaning continuous action in past time. This speaks of the eternality of Christ. He has always existed. Third, His dwelling. "With God" (John 1:1). Jesus did not live with Mary Magdalene as some critics want us to believe, He lived with God. Fourth, His deity. "The Word was God" (John 1:1). You cannot make the fact of the deity of Christ any plainer than this last statement in John 1:1. The deity of Christ is taught absolutely and clearly in the Scriptures. This statement not only teaches it but so does the duration of Christ teach it.
• His relationship to the galaxies. The next significant relationship John gives of Christ is His relationship to creation. It certainly invalidates any evolutionary ideas. First, the extent of the creation. "All things were made by him" (John 1:3). Christ did it all. What power, what genius! To emphasize this truth, John adds it again only in the negative, "And without him was not anything made that was made" (John 1:3). One of the habits of John in his writing is to state a fact in the positive then to follow with a negative (see John 1:20, 3:36, 8:23; I John 1:5 and 4:6). Second, the energy for the creation. "Made" (John 1:3). The word translated "made" means "to be made or created from nothing" (Zodhiates). What enormous power to create the universe out of nothing! Christ did it! Third, the exclusiveness of the creation. "All things were made by him... without him" (John 1:3). There is no room for evolution in this statement. Christ did all the creating. The world of unbelief hates this truth.
• His relationship to the Gospel. The important information for the sinner is this fact about .