3:5 I will not erase his name. Not a threat but an assurance that saved peoples' names will always be in the book of life.
2:8 empty deception. Paul's belittlement of the Colossian "philosophy." according to the elementary principles. After the elemental spirits of the universe; i.e., the cosmic spirits of Hellenistic syncretism. Apparently their philosophy involved regulating their religious life by observing the movements of the stars, which they associated with the powers of the angels who were worshiped by some (Col. 2:18). In this passage Paul uses the vocabulary of the heretics, giving the words their proper meaning. He confutes them with their own terms (e.g., complete, Col. 1:28; mystery, Col. 2:2; wisdom and knowledge, Col. 2:3; elementary principles of the world, Col. 2:8; head, Col. 2:10.
1:5 God gives wisdom abundantly and graciously when we ask.
you are circumcised . . . you
cannot be saved. The problems raised by the presence of Gentiles in the
church now came to a head. Peter had learned that no man should be called
unclean—not even a Gentile (Acts 10:34), and
13:1 love. The Greek word is agape. The Greek word for love of an adorable object, especially for love between man and woman, is eros. Another Greek word, phileo, refers to the love of friendship. Agape characterizes God (1 John 4:8) and what He manifested in the gift of His Son (John 3:16). It is more than mutual affection; it expresses unselfish esteem of the object loved. Christ's love for us is undeserved and without thought of return. The love that His followers show, Paul now says, should be the same. a noisy gong, along with the clanging cymbal, was associated with pagan worship.
2:8 men. The word means "males" (not females) who are to lead in public prayer. lifting up holy hands. A common posture for prayer and representative of the purity of life that is necessary for proper fellowship in prayer. without wrath and dissension. When these attitudes are present, prayer is impossible.
3:13 The law brings a curse. The believer is delivered from that curse through Christ, who became a curse for us. The Crucifixion brought Him under the curse of the law, as explained in the last half of the verse (quoted from Deut. 21:23).
—Ryrie Study Notes