Tag Definitions and Examples

The following definitions will help you make optimum use of the tags in the Analytical Greek New Testament, version two, by Timothy and Barbara Friberg. They are organized by class. For each, a definition, an English example, a Greek example and comments have been included.

Noun

Definition—A Noun is the name of a person, place or thing.

English example—Ephesians 4:1 KJV: I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called.

Greek example—Ephesians 4:1 GNT: Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶϛ ἐγὼ ὁ δέσμιοϛ ἐν κυρίῳ ἀξίωϛ περιπατῆσαι τῆϛ κλήσεωϛ ἧϛ ἐκλήθητε

Tag information—A Noun is regarded as a tag general class, occupies the first character position in the tag, and is represented by N.

Other information—See also Case and Declension

Pronoun

Definition—A Pronoun substitutes for a noun or noun phrases and denotes a person or a thing, previously specified in the context.

English example—Acts 5:18 KJV: And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison.

Greek example—Acts 5:18 GNT: καὶ ἐπέβαλον τὰϛ χεῖραϛ ἐπὶ τοὺϛ ἀποστόλουϛ καὶ ἔθεντο αὐτοὺϛ ἐν τηρήσει δημοσίᾳ.

Tag information—A Pronoun is regarded as a tag subcategory of the Noun class (N) and occupies the second character position of the tag represented by P

Nominative

Definition—Nominative is the case that presents the subject of the sentence. A noun in the nominative case is the subject or subject complement of the verb.

English example—John 1:14 KJV: And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us.

Greek example—John 1:14 GNT: Καὶ ὁ λόγοϛ σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν,

Tag information—Nominative is a case that occurs in various character positions in the general tag classes of Noun, Verb (participle), Adjective, Determiner, and is represented by N.

Other information—It should be noted that in Greek a noun or adjective is usually placed in the dictionary in its nominative form. See also Case and Declension

Genitive

Definition—The Genitive case has three common functions of showing: description, kind, and possession. When a Genitive word is translated into English, it is accompanied by the word of.

English example—Matthew 6:33 KJV: But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

Greek example—Matthew 6:33 GNT: ζητεῖτε δὲ πρωτον τὴν βασιλείαν του θεου καὶ τὴν δικαιοσύνην αὐτου, καὶ ταντα πάντα προστεθήσεται ὑμῖν.

Tag information—A Genitive is a case that occurs in various character positions in the general tag classes of Noun, Verb (participle), Adjective, Determiner, Preposition; and is represented by G.

Other information—The genitive can function adjectivally, but when it specifies time and place it functions like an adverb. See also Case and Declension

Dative

Definition—Dative is the case of the indirect object. The dative case shows that a noun or a pronoun is indirectly affected by the action of the verb.

English example—John 14:2 KJV: In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you

Greek example—John 14:2 GNT: ἐν τῇ οἰκίᾳ τοῦ πατρόϛ μου μοναὶ πολλαί εἰσιν· εἰ δὲ μή, εἶπον ἂν ὑμῖν ὅτι πορεύομαι ἑτοιμάσαι τόπον ὑμῖν

Tag information—Dative is a case that usually occurs in various character positions in the general tag classes of Noun, Verb (participle), Adjective, Determiner, Preposition; and is represented by D.

Other information—See also Case and Declension

Accusative

Definition—Accusative is the case that is indicates the direct object. More broadly it may be considered the case that limits the action.

English example—Titus 1:3 KJV: But [God] hath in due times manifested his word through preaching,

Greek example—Titus 1:3 GNT: ἐφανέρωσεν δὲ χαιροῖϛ ἰδίοιϛ τὸν λόγον αὐτοῦ ἐν χηρύγματι,

Tag information—Accusative is a case that occurs in various character positions in the general tag classes of Noun, Verb (participle), Adjective, Determiner, and is represented by A.

Other information—See also Case and Declension