The Old Testament

The Law

The Law contains stories about the creation of the world, the flood, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the children of Israel in Egypt, the Exodus, and the time the children of Israel spent in the wilderness before entering the Promised Land. The books of the Law also recorded the law God gave to the people on Mt. Sinai which laid down the regulations for sacrifice, worship, and daily living. The Law is also called the Torah.

Genesis

Who: Moses

What: The Beginnings

Where: Egypt and Canaan

When: c. 1450 BC-1400 BC

Why: To demonstrate that God is sovereign and loves his creation.

Outline (Chapter)

Key Verse: I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. (Genesis 17:7)

Exodus

Who: Moses

What: Deliverance from Slavery

Where: Egypt and Canaan

When: c. 1445 BC-1440 BC

Why: To show God's faithfulness to the covenant and provide Israel with guidelines for healthy living.

Outline (Chapter)

Key Verse: God said to Moses, "I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'I AM has sent me to you.'"(Exodus 3:14)

Leviticus

Who: Moses

What: Law and Sacrifice

Where: Sinai and Canaan

When: c. 1445 BC-1400 BC

Why: To instruct Israel on how to be holy and to be a blessing to others.

Outline (Chapter)

Key Verse: Consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am the Lord your God. Keep my decrees and follow them. I am the Lord, who makes you holy. (Leviticus 20:7, 8)

Numbers

Who: Moses

What: Census and History

Where: Borders of Canaan

When: c. 1445 BC-1400 BC

Why: A reminder of what happens when people rebel against God.

Outline (Chapter)

Key Verse: The Lord bless you and keep you; the Lord make his face shine upon you and be gracious to you; the Lord turn his face toward you and give you peace. (Numbers 6:24-26)

Deuteronomy

Who: Moses

What: Sermons by Moses

Where: Plains of Moab

When: c. 1401 BC-1400 BC

Why: To remind the people what God expects from them.

Outline (Chapter)

Key Verse: Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. (Deuteronomy 6:4, 5)