Passover

Holiday Also Known As Hebrew Date Observed Scripture Basis
Passover Pesach
‏פֶּ֖סַח‎
14 Nisan (March or April) Leviticus 23:4-5; Exodus 12:1-4
General Information

Passover: Commemorates God's Deliverance of Israel Out of Egypt

Pesach (PAY-sahk) means to "pass over." The Passover meal, seder (SAY der), commemorates the Israelites' deliverance from slavery in Egypt. The Lord sent Moses to lead the children of Israel from Egypt to the Promised Land. When first confronted by Moses, Pharaoh refused to let the people go. After sending nine plagues, the Lord said the firstborn males of every house would die unless the doorframe of that house was covered with the blood of a perfect lamb. That night, the Lord "passed over" the homes with blood on the doorframes. The tenth plague brought death to the firstborn sons of Egypt, even taking the life of Pharaoh's own son. Finally, Pharaoh let the children of Israel go. Passover was to be a lasting ordinance for generations to come.

Yeshua (Jesus)

Jesus ate the Passover with his disciples, saying that he had eagerly desired to eat this Passover with them before he suffered and that he would not eat it again until the kingdom of God comes (Luke 22:7-16). After the Passover meal, they sang a hymn and went to the Mount of Olives (Matt. 26:30). The hymn sung during Passover is the Hallel which includes Psalm 118:22: "The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone." Jesus is the cornerstone that the builders rejected (Matt. 21:42; 1 Peter 2:7). Jesus was crucified as the "Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29). The Lord's Supper is a remembrance of his sacrifice as the perfect Passover Lamb and the fullfilment of the new covenant between God and man (Luke 22:20; 1 Cor. 5:7; Eph. 2:11-13). Prophecy of this sacrifice is found in Psalm 22. The Hebrew prophet Isaiah also spoke of the sufferings and sacrifice of the Messiah (Isa. 53).

Fascinating Facts
  • Jesus' parents traveled to Jerusalem yearly to celebrate Passover. At age 12, Jesus went with them (Luke 2:41-50).
  • The Passover lamb must be a perfect male with no blemish (Ex. 12:5).
  • The cup of the Lord's Supper is the third cup of the Passover Seder, the Cup of Redemption. The bread of the Lord's Supper is the Afikomen. It is the matzah that is broken, hidden, found, bought for a price, and then eaten to end the meal. Afikomen means "I came" in Greek.

Passover in the Hebrew Scriptures: Ex. 12; Num. 9; 28:16-25; 2 Chron. 35:1-19; Ezra 6:19; Ezek. 45:21

Passover in the New Testament: Matt. 26; Mark 14; Luke 22; John 6:4; 11; 13; 19; 1 Cor. 5:7