Introduction

The letter to the Hebrews has a distinctively Jewish tone to it. There are regular references to the Old Testament Scripture. Someone has called the Hebrews "a rare gem among the King's treasures." Oliver B. Greene well said:

The epistle to the Hebrews is one of the most important books in the New Testament and contains some of the most important doctrines of Christianity. It is also a book of infinite logic, a book of such beauty as could come only from a pen inspired by Almighty God.

The Christian who reads and studies the book of Hebrews is breathing divine atmosphere, bathing in the sunshine of heaven. Those who love to study this epistle are believers who have grown to the point in their spiritual life where they are not only ready for strong spiritual meat, but love to partake of it, having passed beyond the need to be fed with milk. See 1 Corinthians 3:2.

The Book of Hebrews is one of the deepest and most profound in the New Testament. Its contents are convicting and challenging. However, any believer who will invest in the study of Hebrews will certainly grow in grace and knowledge and experience a greater walk with Jesus Christ, the Author and finisher of our faith.

The Penman

The name of the human author of the book of Hebrews is not given. As a result there has been a great deal of debate 9 concerning its authorship. Many speculate that it was Paul, Luke, Barnabas, or Apollos. Traditionally the Apostle Paul has been considered as the author of Hebrews. I believe Paul wrote Hebrews for several reasons.

  1. The writer is identified with Timothy (Hebrews 13:23). Timothy was one of Paul's coverts and beloved companions. Paul mentioned him often in his letters (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy; 1 Corinthians 4:17).
  2. The writer was well versed in the Old Testament as was Paul.
  3. The writer speaks of having been in prison (Hebrews 10:34)
  4. It is for certain that Hebrews was written from Italy and probably from Rome where Paul was imprisoned. The writer mentions the believers of Italy (Hebrews 13:24).
  5. In dealing with the Jews who had been persecuted and dispersed (1 Peter 1:1; 2 Peter 3:1), Peter mentions that Paul had written unto them also (2 Peter 3:15-16).
  6. The ending of Hebrews, "Grace be with you all" (Hebrews 13:25), is typical of Paul's letters and style.

The Epistle of Hebrews is Pauline. Though Paul was the human penman we know for certain that God is the Author of the book.

The Presentation

Jesus Christ is presented in all of His beauty and glory. The word better is used several times in Hebrews where we find: 10

Noah Webster defines better as "having good qualities in a greater degree than another... " The word better emphasizes the superiority of Jesus Christ to anything found in the old covenant. Jesus is declared to be both High Priest and the Sacrifice. He is shown to be superior to, as well as a fulfillment of, the Old Testament ritual and the sacrificial system..

The Purpose

Therefore, leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, (Hebrews 6:1) The Jewish Christians had been scattered and were discouraged. These believers were wavering in faith and their spiritual growth was waning (Hebrews 6:9-12). Paul wanted the discouraged believers to stop waffling and move on to maturity. Although these Hebrew believers were under persecution (Hebrews 10:32-39), the situation wasn't hopeless. They were reminded of the trials and testing's of Christ and how He would help them in their trials (Hebrews 2:18; 3:14-16).