(1 Timothy 1:1-11)
First Timothy is the first of three books called the “Pastoral Epistles,” written by Paul. The other two are 2 Timothy and Titus. The theme of 1 Timothy is living the Gospel. The discussion of requirements for church leaders, such as pastors and deacons, simply explains what is required of anyone who wants to live the Gospel. The key word, godliness, is found nine times in this epistle. The key verse is 1 Timothy 6:6. Write it below:
The result of living the Gospel is godliness. Timothy is a young associate of Paul’s. As Paul writes this letter, Timothy is the pastor of the church at Ephesus—a strategic port city on the Mediterranean Sea on the western edge of modern-day Turkey (see map on page 11). With a population of around 250,000, it was one of the largest cities of the ancient world.
Paul begins this epistle by identifying himself as an apostle of Jesus Christ (1:1a). The word apostle (apostolos, uh-pos´-tol-os-) means “one sent forth with a message.” The same word is used of Jesus when He is described as the Apostle and High Priest of our profession (Heb. 3:1c). In a broader sense, the word also applies to us as believers. This is because of what words of Jesus in John 20:21c-d that applies to us today?
Paul is an apostle by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope (1:1b). Paul was not one of the original twelve disciples, but he met Jesus personally on the road to Damascus. Later, God tells Paul he is to be a very special apostle (Acts 9:1-15).
Paul refers to Timothy as my own son in the faith (1:2a). Timothy and Paul had developed a father-son relationship. Timothy was apparently brought to faith by Paul on his first missionary journey. Because of Timothy’s spiritual gifts and rapid spiritual growth, Paul invited him to become his associate (Acts 16:1-3).
Paul continues: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord (1:2b-c). Grace and peace are Paul’s standard greeting.
Only when writing to Timothy does he add mercy (1 Tim. 1:2 & 2 Tim. 1:2). The word mercy refers to compassion shown toward an offender. The publican prayed, God be merciful to me a sinner (Lk 18:13). However, God’s mercy is not automatic. How does Jesus express this fact in Matthew 5:7?
After a brief greeting, Paul wastes no time explaining the purpose of this letter. This passage reveals three requirements for living the Gospel.
Timothy faces strong opposition in Ephesus. The city was famous for its temple and worship of the pagan goddess Artemis (ar´-te-mis-), who was named “Diana” by the Romans. She was believed to be the twin sister of Apollo. Her dazzling temple was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Paul reminds Timothy that when he was going to Macedonia (northern Greece), he urged Timothy to stay in Ephesus and command certain people that they teach no other doctrine (1:3). We do not know exactly what the false teachers were teaching, but we can get an idea from verse four. Paul had instructed Timothy to tell them not to give heed to fables and endless genealogies (1:4a).
Some people had apparently fabricated some mythical stories based on genealogies. The church was apparently caught up in this heresy. Such teachings minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith (1:4b). Instead of promoting questions that tear down believers, we are to advocate God’s edifying, or plan, which is in faith, referring to God’s plan of salvation. How does Jesus give us God’s plan in capsule form in Mark 16:15b?
Satan loves to see believers stray from God’s plan, devoting all their time to doctrinal controversies and forgetting to win the world. To live the Gospel, adhere to God’s plan exclusively and...
Concerning his command to forbid certain men from teaching false doctrine, Paul writes: Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned (1:5). The word translated charity (agapē) refers to love that unselfishly seeks the welfare of others. This love cannot harbor bitterness, resentment, prejudice, or hate. This verse reveals three manifestations of this kind of love.
1. A pure heart. The word translated pure refers to a heart uncontaminated by sin and selfish motives. agapē love can only reside in a pure heart. What does Jesus reveal about a pure heart in Matthew 5:8?
Those with a pure heart see God in people, places, and problems. Not only that, but when we have a pure heart, people can see God in us.
2. A good conscience. Our conscience is a God-given, internal sin detector. It is what makes us feel guilty when we have done wrong and feel good when we have done right. agapē love will be manifested in a pure heart, a good conscience, and...
3. A faith unfeigned. The word unfeigned means “without deceit or pretense.” This means we have no ulterior motive in our service to God, people, or His church.
The false teachers at Ephesus were swerving from these and had turned aside unto vain jangling, or meaningless talk (1:6). Yet, they wanted to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm (1:7). In other words, they don’t know what they are talking about, but they speak with confidence. This is because their motive is not love. True believers always have love as their motive when speaking or teaching (1 Cor. 13:1).
To live the Gospel, adhere to God’s plan exclusively, anchor in love permanently, and...
When it’s tough to live the Gospel, one great temptation is to retreat from the truth of God’s Word. While Paul says the false teachers at Ephesus are bad, he writes: the law is good, if a man use it lawfully, or properly, (1:8). These false teachers are using the Law to support their false teachings and selfish goals. However, when used properly, what does God’s Word do (Romans 3:20b)?
In verses nine through ten, Paul lists the kinds of people for whom the Law was given. First are the lawless and disobedient, those who deliberately break God’s Law to satisfy their own lust and ambition. Next, the Law is for the ungodly and for sinners, those who have no reverence for God. Then, Paul mentions the unholy and profane, which refers to people who desecrate what is sacred. Murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers and manslayers are those who commit the ultimate act of dishonoring God’s Law—the taking of a human life.
Paul writes the Law is also for whoremongers [sexually immoral] and them that defile themselves with mankind [homosexuals] (1:10a). This refers to any kind of sex outside the marriage of a man and woman. The Bible says we should not be deceived because neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind (among many other sinners)... shall inherit the kingdom of God (1 Cor. 6:9-10). Paul lovingly adds: And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified (6:11a-c). Then, what does he write in the rest of that verse?
Because the Gospel of Christ has the power to change anyone, many wonderful believers at Corinth came out of lives of sexual perversion.
Paul continues by writing the Law that reveals sin is also for menstealers, which refers to slave traders. Also, the Law was given for liars and perjured persons. Finally, the phrase and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine (1:10) makes it clear this list is not exhaustive. Paul then explains the meaning of sound doctrine. It is whatever is according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust (1:11).
God has given us His Word as a sacred trust that we are to apply properly. To do that, we must realize Jesus said God did not send Him into the world to condemn the world (Jn 3:17a). Instead, what does Jesus declare (3:17b)?
To apply God’s Word properly, remember we are sent into the world to be liberators—not prosecutors—of those deceived and enslaved by sin.
To live the Gospel, adhere to God’s plan exclusively, anchor in love permanently, and apply God’s Word properly.