Interferences to Communication in Marriage
Early television sitcoms of the 1950s featured suburban families that functioned ideally - that is, all except The Honeymooners. Ralph and Alice Kramden bickered furiously in a rundown, walk-up flat at 358 Chauncey Street in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn. By day, Ralph drove a bus along Madison Avenue and Fifth Avenue for the Gotham Bus Company. At night he "communicated" with his wife using now-famous phrases such as, "One of these days, Alice... POW, right in the kisser" and "Bang! Zoom! You're going to the moon, Alice."
Actually Ralph loved Alice, but anger and other static interfered. Their connection kept breaking up. By show's end, fortunately, he always reconciled with Alice and told her, "Baby, you're the greatest."
But life isn't a sitcom. Everything doesn't automatically resolve itself every 30 minutes. We need to identify the issues that interfere with our marital communication and be ready to make the necessary adjustments.
Be sure to read the introductory material (page 4) and the Leader's Guide (page 89) before the first session. These "Breaking the Ice" questions are intended simply to get people talking to one another and to help acquaint group members with one another.
In each section of "Discovering the Truth," ask various group members to read the Bible passages aloud. Be sure to leave time for the "Embracing the Truth" and "Connecting" segments that follow this discussion.
Most problems in marriages arise from one of four sources: (1) communication problems, (2) sexual difficulties, (3) money management differences, or (4) in-law issues. It shouldn't surprise anyone that communication is far and away the most common and most serious problem. Husbands and wives sharing thoughts, concerns, dreams, and needs with each other is vital to a strong marriage.
When God created Adam and Eve, they had no communication breakdowns with Him or with each other. A major component of the image of God in us is the ability and the need to live in relationship with others. The fall of humanity distorted the image of God in us, and twisted our ability to live in harmony with God and with one another.
Husbands and wives live in close proximity, so they must communicate with each other all the time. We have no real alternative if we want to live together happily. Yet, various forms of static can make marital communication difficult. Let's look at three major kinds of interference.
The Bible often refers to the tongue when it wants to address the totality of our spoken communication. Let's see what Jesus clarified about our speech.
34For out of the overflow of the heart, the mouth speaks. 35The good man brings good things out of the good stored up in him, and the evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in him. 36But I tell you that men will have to give account on the day of judgment of every careless word they have spoken.
Matthew 12:34-36 (NIV)
Discuss as many discovery questions as time permits. Encourage participation by inviting individuals to respond. It will help to highlight in advance the questions you don't want to miss. Be familiar with the Scripture Notes at the end of this session to help clarify any issues. There are additional tips and helps in the Leader's Notes section that begins on page 96.
Life and death are in the power of the tongue, and those who love it will eat its fruit.
Proverbs 18:21 (HCSB)
2We get it wrong nearly every time we open our mouths. If you could find someone whose speech was perfectly true, you'd have a perfect person, in perfect control of life. 3A bit in the mouth of a horse controls the whole horse. 4A small rudder on a huge ship in the hands of a skilled captain sets a course in the face of the strongest winds. A word out your mouth may seem of no account, but it can accomplish nearly anything—or destroy it! 5It only takes a spark, remember, to set off a forest fire. A careless or wrongly placed word out of your mouth can do that. 6By our speech we can ruin the world, turn harmony into chaos, throw mud on a reputation, send the whole world up in smoke and go up in smoke with it, smoke right from the pit of hell.
James 3:2-6 (THE MESSAGE)
The tongue is like a bucket dipping into the well of our heart, bringing up what it finds there and pouring it out on those around us. Every outward behavior or word has a corresponding inward belief in our hearts. In a world full of distorted beliefs and desires, the tongue can cause us a lot of trouble in our marriages.
We can set fires in many ways: with vicious talk, demeaning words, nagging, bullying, manipulation, and controlling speech.
Every time a married couple doesn't resolve a problem between them, it becomes a weed planted in the garden of their relationship.
25Laying aside falsehood, speak the truth each one of you with his neighbor, for we are members of one another. 26Be angry, and yet do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, 27and do not give the devil an opportunity.
Ephesians 4:25-27 (NASB)
15:17Better a meal of vegetables where there is love than a fattened calf with hatred.
17:14To start a conflict is to release a flood; stop the dispute before it breaks out.
18:19An offended brother is [harder to reach] than a fortified city, and quarrels are like the bars of a fortress.
Proverbs 15:17; 17:14; 18:19 (HCSB)
Unresolved issues are like weeds in a relationship. Left to take root, they spread through the garden, fertilized by anger and frustration. Weeds ignored over the years choke the garden of marriage. A couple stops talking about heart issues, such as dreams, fears, delights, and the relationship withers.
Many communication issues arise from the daily "stuff" of life. Example: A mother is exhausted from chasing her preschooler all day and getting up in the night with her baby. She hasn't a shred of energy for sex. Her husband comes home frustrated with the corporate grind, and wants to unwind in a time of intimacy. She thinks he's an insensitive, demanding jerk; he thinks she's an unappreciative, unresponsive iceberg. Trouble brews in paradise.
Genesis 1:27 says, "male and female He created them," reminding us that from the beginning God made men to be men and women to be women. It's possible to make too big a deal out of this; we really aren't from different planets. However, you get all sorts of static on the line when you fail to consider how differently your spouse looks at life and approaches problems.
Let's look at a story that illustrates this...
Ask for three volunteers to read the parts of Narrator/Man, Abigail, and David.
[NARRATOR/MAN] 14One of Nabal's young men informed Abigail, Nabal's wife: "Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master, but he yelled at them.... 17Now consider carefully what you must do, because there is certain to be trouble for our master and his entire family. He is such a worthless fool nobody can talk to him!"
18Abigail hurried, taking 200 loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five butchered sheep, a bushel of roasted grain, 100 clusters of raisins, and 200 cakes of pressed figs, and loaded them on donkeys.... 20As she rode the donkey down a mountain pass hidden from view, she saw David and his men coming toward her and met them.... 24She fell at his feet and said...
[ABIGAIL] 26"Now my lord, as surely as the Lord lives and as you yourself live, it is the Lord who kept you from participating in bloodshed and avenging yourself by your own hand. May your enemies and those who want trouble for my lord be like Nabal. 27Accept this gif your servant has brought to my lord, and let it be given to the young men who follow my lord."...
[NARRATOR] 32Then David said to Abigail,
[DAVID] "Praise to the Lord God of Israel, who sent you to meet me today! 33Blessed is your discernment, and blessed are you. Today you kept me from participating in bloodshed and avenging myself by my own hand."
1 Samuel 25:14, 17-18, 20, 24a, 26-27, 32-33 (HCSB)
The interferences from our tongues, unresolved issues, and the "stuff" of life can be amplified by the different ways men and women approach socializing, processing information, and solving problems. As long as you expect your spouse to react to events the same way you do, you'll probably keep on hearing static on the line. Abigail and David are good examples people who didn't let a stressful situation keep them from respecting each other's perspective on life. Give your mate that same consideration these two strangers gave each other, and you'll find your life enriched, too.
This section focuses on helping couples begin to integrate what they've learned from the Bible into their own marriages... where "the rubber meets the road." Ask volunteers to read the Bible verses.
The world we live in is not perfect, and we're not perfect either. With the interferences of our tongues, unresolved issues, and gender differences, all mixed in with the "stuff" of life... it's a miracle we communicate at all. There are two vital truths we need to embrace to clear away these interferences.
9Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good. 10Be devoted to one another in brotherly love; give preference to one another in honor.
Romans 12:9-10 (NASB)
Remember, every outward behavior or word has a corresponding inward belief in our hearts. In a world full of distorted beliefs and desires, the tongue can cause us a lot of trouble in our marriages.
7You can tame a tiger, 8but you cant tame a tongue—it's never been done. The tongue runs wild, a wanton killer. 9With our tongues we bless God our Father; with the same tongues we curse the very men and women he made is his image... 10My friends, this cant go on. 11A spring doesn't gush fresh water one day and brackish the next, does it? 12Apple trees don't bear strawberries, do they? You're not going to dip into a polluted mud hole and get a cup of clear, cool water, are you?
James 3:7-12 (THE MESSAGE)
We need to control our tongues, but ultimately we only correct the interference our tongues bring to our marriage by working on the condition and beliefs of our hearts. False beliefs lead to hurtful words and actions. Restless, angry, frightened hearts will always send out hurtful words.
In future sessions we'll focus on how to communicate with our mates, but from the beginning we must understand the core issues of taking off the masks and focusing on the heart—the well that our tongue draws from.
Use "Connecting" as a time to begin to bond with, encourage, and support one another. Invite everyone to join in and be open with one another, but allow members who don't wish to share on a particular topic to pass.
The "Connecting" segment of each session is designed to build stronger bonds of friendship between group members. As friends learn one another's stories in greater detail, their relationships become closer. This closeness will affect the quality of group interaction in subsequent sessions. Enjoy these encounters and the friendships they nurture.
Above all else, guard your heart, for it is the wellspring of life.
Proverbs 4:23 (NIV)
Take some extra time in this first session to go over the Group Covenant at the back of this book (page 89). Now would also be a great time for each person to pass around his or her book to collect contact information in the Group Directory on page 104.
Share and record group prayer requests, and pray regularly for them between now and the next session. In addition to these requests, pray together for each couple that they will come to know greater unity and intimacy through this Can You Hear Me Now? study.
Explain that the "Taking It Home" section following each session will contain an introspective question to ask either of your heart or of God. In addition, there is always a couple's activity to reinforce what the group has discussed and to help couples strengthen their marriages. Encourage everyone to complete both projects before the next session.
You do not have to share anything from this "Taking It Home" session with your small group, although you will have opportunity in the next session. Take some time in the next few days to reflect alone and with your spouse about this first session of Can You Hear Me Now?
Ask each couple to set a date, time, and location for the "Date Night"... right now before you close your session.
Next time we meet, we'll consider some core principles of communication that can enable married couples to understand and appreciate each other's ideas, opinions, and feelings.
Studying and discussing God's truth is not an end in itself. Our goal is always heart and life change. To take the next step of integrating the truth into our lives, we need to (1) look honestly into our hearts to understand the innermost motivations that drive us, and (2) seek God's perspective on our lives and our journeys.
When you ask God a question, expect His Spirit to guide your heart in His truth. Be careful not to rush it or manufacture an answer. Don't write down what you think the "right answer" is. Don't turn the Bible into a reference book or spiritual encyclopedia. Just pose the question to God and wait on Him. The litmus test for anything we hear from God is alignment with the Bible as our ultimate truth source. Always keep a journal of the insights you gain from your times with God.
God, You know me to the very depths of my being. Would You search me, and help me to see any lies that have contaminated my heart? What wounds and distorted beliefs are hurting my ability to communicate with my wife or husband?
Before the second session of Can You Hear Me Now? rent one of the following movies from your local video store: Fiddler on the Roof, The African Queen, The Remains of the Day, or The Lion in Winter. Pick up an assortment of your favorite snack foods and beverages. Choose an evening when neither of you will feel pressure from other responsibilities. If you have children, arrange for them to be cared for elsewhere so you can view the movie without interruption. (You might share childcare with another couple in your group). Watch the movie you chose from the following perspectives:
When the movie is over, share your observations with one another. Discuss any insights this movie triggered about how communication breaks down and what couples need to do to resolve that breakdown.
Before you clean up, join hands and pray together that God will enhance your communication, and motivate all the couples in your small group. Thank each other for making the effort to share and listen.
1 Samuel 25:14-33
25:22 May God punish me. This is a severe Hebrew curse. David's oath of revenge reveals the side of Davis's leadership that is quick, sure, confident, and violent.
25:28 may evil not be found in you. Abigail was a clever diplomat. She appealed to David's legacy, integrity, and reputation.
25:32 Praise to the Lord. David could see with spiritual eyes. Abigail had provided supplies for his men and kept him from an error in judgment and needless bloodshed.
Proverbs 15:17; 17:14; 18:19
15:17 vegetables... fattened calf. The contrast is between poverty and wealth. Poverty accompanied by love is vastly preferable to wealth accompanied by constant bickering and strife.
17:14 release a flood. The Hebrew image is a breach in a dam that starts small and rapidly becomes a raging torrent.
18:19 fortified city... bars of a fortress. Derek Kidner notes that this proverb "is a forceful warning of the strength of the invisible walls of estrangement, so easy to erect, so hard to demolish" (Proverbs, Kidner, p. 130).
12:9 Love. The Greek word agape—self-giving love in action on behalf of others—is made possible by God's Spirit. without hypocrisy. Genuine, without pretense or play-acting.
12:10 brotherly love. The word for love used here, philidelphia, denotes tender family affection, now appropriate for those in the church, a believer's new family.
4:26 Be angry. Paul recognized that there is a place for legitimate anger. But once admitted, anger is to be dealt with constructively in truth. Paul identified ways to deal with anger. Do not let anger develop into resentment.
3:2 get it wrong. The Greek verb translated "stumble" appeared in biblical and non-biblical writing as a metaphor for sin. James wanted us to realize how hard it is to avoid sinful words based on distorted desires and beliefs.
3:6 ruin the world. Many scholars would like to punctuate the Greek text so this verse reads something like, "The tongue, which defiles the whole body, represents the evil world among our members." It's as though all the world's evil and distortions reside in our hearts and flow through our lips, waiting to burst out in flames. the whole world. This unusual expression—which means "the course of life"—seems to have been coined by James. It implies the cycle of life from its inception. The tongue has scorched our lives from the beginning. The beginning, middle, and end of every season of life suffer from the burning tongue.
3:7 tame a tiger. In Genesis 1:28, we read that God gave humans dominion over creation.
3:8 cant tame a tongue. People may tame everything else, but we cannot tame ourselves, especially our speech, without help from the Spirit of God.
3:12 polluted mud hole. James assumed our mouths all speak from a polluted spring in the depths of our hearts that requires divine intervention to purify